"Ay, ay, a scratch, a scratch; marry, 'tis enough!"

I am not a vet, and this is one of the most frustrating aspects of working with clients to address their dogs’ behaviour issues. I see in many clients tremendous hesitation in considering the possibility that their dog’s fear or aggression is rooted in a medical cause, and there is often reluctance to take the dog to a vet to discuss that possibility. I educate myself as much as possible on health matters, but I can’t and don’t speak with the authority of a vet when it comes to diagnostics or treatment.

I see this as indicative of a broader ideology. Remember high school philosophy class, the Cartesian idea that body and mind are separate? If health is an element of our bodies, how on earth could it affect our moods, behaviours or mental state? In both myself and Elsie I see exactly how this is so. I’m currently seeing a naturopath to sort out some dietary allergies and other matters in the hopes that once my body is healthy I will have more energy and feel more resilient to daily stressors. I recently watched a documentary on David Suzuki’s Nature of Things about how GI health is linked to Autism. There is indication that wiping out the gut flora, usually through extensive antibiotic use at a young age, can cause recessive autism.  The beneficial bacteria are wiped out, leaving opportunity for the overgrowth of Clostridium, a bacteria that produce a potent neurotoxin as its waste product. It is this neurotoxin that interferes with brain function and development, leading to autism. Something as seemingly irrelevant or simple as healthy gut flora has a profound impact on a person’s most fundamental brain function. (Canadians can view this documentary here)

When I got Elsie, her ALT (liver value) was quite high, she had chronic diarrhea, and she had scabs, pustules and inflammation across her body. She was also very testy with other dogs, reactive on the street and particularly indoors, guarding toys and her living space, off-leash she would become over-stimulated and hurdle herself onto other dogs’ heads, yelling like a banshee.

Elsie’s inflamed skin

Since turning Elsie from a foster to a permanent dog two years ago, I have seen her behaviour and health swing in tandem. Last month Elsie’s skin was beautifully clear; clear like it’s never been. Not a single scab, not in any of the usual places across her chest, flanks or lumbar region. It was amazing. I could take her through busy High Park with hardly a glance at the other dogs. She would greet briefly and continue on her way, no need for interruption or guidance from me. She wasn’t feeling that unshakable pull towards dogs who run too fast, bark too loud, or play too rough. Then, within a day, she formed scabs across her chest and belly, and began once again licking her flanks hairless. When I see scabs forming on her skin, I can count on her anti-social behaviour returning. And that it did. I am staying close during greetings in the park and recalling her from dogs who, in her opinion, move too much. I am ready call her away before she gets sucked into the vortex that leads to reactivity and am constantly I am reinforcing good choices through the use of food, balls and functional reward. At the moment she is not at the point that parks are an inappropriate place to take her, however it is a possibility and has happened in the past.

There are some behaviours that are not so directly related to her health, for instance resource guarding. I imagine, even if in perfect health, she would continue to resource guard balls and her house from other dogs. But her reaction to dogs outside of the context of resource guarding has a direct link to her health, and I can use it as a marker to assess how she may react to a new situation. I also do my best to keep her in good health, both for its own benefit and for the behavioural improvements. She eats unprocessed foods and I use medications sparingly or not at all (antibiotics, pesticidal parasite prevention, etc). I will use alternative options for treatment before turning to something that may have unintended consequences. Her diet is limited to exclude foods that make her sick (which is not as easy to figure out as one might think!).  I have learned a lot from her about how the simplest action of what food to buy will affect not only short- and long- term health, but also how a dog feels and behaves.

So why are so many of my clients resistent to the idea that their dogs’ undesirable behaviour might be health related? Perhaps it’s just that one more thing on their plate that they can’t deal with. The straw that broke the camel’s back.  My naturopath wants me to cut out basically every food that I live to eat and more, and while this might be the key to determining how to keep myself in better health, the mere thought of it makes me want to cry. Perhaps it’s a financial issue – they are paying for a training session, they don’t want to be told to pay for a vet appointment and blood tests.  Perhaps it’s simply a matter of not believing or caring to understand how health affects behaviour. Sometimes it’s just not understanding that what they are feeding is doing more harm than good – I wouldn’t wish any of the major dog food brands on to my worst enemy. These foods, though, are promoted as ‘premium’, ‘vet-approved’, ‘specially formulated’, and – worse – priced like ice wine. If it’s expensive, it must be good, right? A simple change in diet to a less processed, higher quality option can make a profound difference. (For great information on how to assess dog foods, visit The Dog Food Project, or for a nutritional consult visit Better Dog Care)

Sometimes it’s a simple, easily fixable issue. I once met with a Dane/Lab cross in foster care. This dog has been through three foster homes during his time at the rescue. I met with him living on the 29th floor of a condo building in the heart of downtown Toronto. Not an ideal location for a 100lb, highly reactive dog! The rescue had run out of foster homes who were willing to take him.  I met with them and proceeded with training, urging them to ask the rescue for a vet visit. Sure enough, this dog had infected and impacted anal glands. Manual expression and antibiotics, and eventual removal of the glands, eliminated the reactive behaviour all together and he became a happy, social dog.

All the training in the world can not fix a health problem, but sometimes taking steps towards physical wellness can fix behavioural problems.